Fuel filters are used to remove debris and other contaminants from the fuel supply before it reaches the engine’s fuel injectors. A clogged fuel filter can starve the engine of its fuel supply, leading to rough idling and poor performance overall. The 1995 Ford Ranger uses an inline fuel filter that is located on the driver’s side of the truck, underneath the frame rail. Accessing and changing the fuel filter is a relatively simple process that takes under an hour to complete.
Tools Used: Tools, Fuel line quick disconnect tool, Fuel catch pan, Fuel filter
Change the Fuel Filter
Removing the Old Fuel Filter – Disconnect the negative terminal cable from the battery. Apply the parking brake to prevent the truck from moving. Remove the gas cap from the gas tank to relieve fuel pressure. Crawl under driver’s side of the Ranger and locate the fuel filter that is attached to the frame of the vehicle. The fuel filter is a cylinder-shaped unit with two hoses attached to both ends. Place the catch pan underneath the fuel filter area to catch excess gas within the lines. Slide the quick-disconnect tool into the end of the fuel line where it attaches to the fuel filter port. Press the tool inward until the fuel line unlocks from the fuel filter port and slide the line out. Release the other fuel line on the opposite side in the same manner. Slide the old fuel filter out of the bracket. Allow any excess fuel to drain into the catch pan.
Installing the New Filter – Slide the new fuel filter into the bracket. Make sure the arrow indicating the direction of the fuel flow is pointed toward the front of the vehicle. Reattach the fuel lines to the new fuel filter. Push the fuel lines into the fuel filter ports until the lines lock into place. Reattach the gas cap to the gas tank. Turn the ignition key to the “On” position and “Off” again three times to prime the fuel filter. Crank the vehicle and inspect the fuel filter and fuel lines. Check for any gas leaks from the filter or the lines. Move the catch pan away from the area when finished.
Tips & Warnings: Do not use cigarettes, open flames or electrical equipment that can cause sparks around flammable liquid, such as gasoline. Always disconnect the negative battery cable when working on a vehicle to reduce the risk of shock and serious injury.