Invented by engineer Walter Burch, the first surveillance cameras were installed by Siemens in 1942 at a rocket launch site in Peenemunde, Germany. Surveillance cameras first appeared in the United States in 1962 in Olean, New York. The city installed the cameras in its business district to help prevent crime. The banking industry was the first to use surveillance cameras on a large scale. Worldwide, governments use surveillance cameras at military bases, government buildings and areas where there is a risk of terrorism. Since the mid-1960s, the use of surveillance cameras has grown exponentially.
Crime Prevention and Solving
Many businesses use surveillance cameras as a way to prevent theft and vandalism. They are also used in many public facilities like airports and train stations. In the UK, it has been said by the CCTV User Group, that there is one surveillance camera for every 14 people. While surveillance cameras may be quite prevalent in both the United States and the UK, according to an article in The Independent published in 2008, only 5 percent of crimes in the Unites States and only 3 percent in the UK are solved using surveillance cameras.