There are many types of shingles that are used with a sloping roof including:
- Asphalt shingles
- Tile roofing shingles (clay or concrete)
- Slate shingles
- Wood shingles and shakes
- Metal shingles
But of all these material types, the overwhelmingly most popular, versatile, simple to install and cost effective choice is the asphalt shingle roof.
First used in 1901, asphalt shingles have been part of the American home landscape for over a century.
These shingles are durable for the price, affordable and come in many different textures and colors. The most common styles of asphalt shingles are the “strip” shingle or the “laminated” shingle.
Although fairly durable, asphalt shingles are still subject to damage and your roof should be checked after major hail or wind storms. Additionally, you should always make sure that your roof is properly ventilated.
According to a 2007 study by IWCS, about 11 million tons of asphalt shingle waste is generated annually in the US. Shingle waste comes mostly from new or replacement roof installations which can cost several thousands of dollars according to HomeAdvisor.com.
OK, let’s take a look at some basics related to asphalt shingles.
Types of Asphalt Shingle Construction
The most common type of asphalt shingle homeowners will have installed are either fiberglass shingles or organic mat-based shingles.