Base oils have been used since Roman times. Base oils are the foundation for the production of lubricants. Oil is important to machinery, providing a liquid space between moving metal parts. It also cools and removes heat from engines.
History – The use of base oil lubricants can be traced back as far as Roman times when animal fat was used to grease wheels, but it was the Industrial Revolution that led to the different types of lubricating oils that exist today.
Hydrocarbon Compounds – Base oils consist of hydrocarbon compounds, which are molecules bound to elements that create lubricants. It is these hydrocarbon compounds that are broken down to create the desired lubricant.